Protein Protein Protein there is so much but where do you start? We have the guide to picking the best for you! But first we need to tell you about the top 3 proteins out on the market!
Casein protein -
Casein is the name given to a group of related proteins found in mammalian milk. The word “casein” comes from the Latin word caseus, which means “cheese”, which makes sense since casein is one of the main chemical substances in cheese. Cheese is made by coagulating casein, typically by acidifying milk and adding the enzyme rennet to coagulate protein. Casein is also used as binder to make safety matches, as a food additive (protein supplement), to make a quick-drying water-soluble paint, for glue and plastics, and to remineralize tooth enamel.
Casein makes up 80% of the proteins found in cow’s milk and 20%-45% of the proteins in human milk. These proteins are all phosphoproteins, which contain a high number of proline residues (an amino acid) and no disulfide bridges. The protein is poorly soluble in water, found in milk as a suspension of particles that are termed “casein micelles”. The micelles are considered colloidal particles.
Whey Protein -
Whey is a component of dairy milk. Milk is made up of various nutrients including water, vitamins, carbohydrate and two proteins: 80% being casein and 20% being whey.
During the processing of milk for making cheese, whey is separated from the casein (the curds) as a result of an enzymatic reaction. The whey component is filtered to remove all other non-whey ingredients, it is then purified and later dried to create a powder.
Whey protein is a complete protein, which means it contains all nine essential amino acids including the three BCAAs: leucine, isoleucine and valine, renowned for their involvement in muscle protein synthesis and protection from muscle breakdown for energy, known as catabolism.
Whey Protein Isolate -
This type of whey contains 90% protein with less lactose, sugar and fat. A more purified form of protein.
This is another form of whey protein that you will find on the market by companies who stop the production process here and add the flavouring. However there is one more step that can be made, a step that only a handful of companies actually take.
So whats the best for you? Let us know!